Your question: What is $1 in Apache RewriteRule?

What is $1 in htaccess?

In your substitution string, $1 contains the contents of the first set of parens ( hello ), while $2 contains the contents of the second set ( there ). There will always be exactly as many “dollar” values available in your substitution string as there are sets of capturing parentheses in your regex.

What is $1 in nginx?

In the above rewrite rule: $1 and $2 will capture the appropriate strings from the original URL that doesn’t change. $1 in the replacement string will match whatever is inside the 1st parenthesis ( ) in the reg-ex. In our example, $1 is /data/

What is Apache RewriteRule?

Available Languages: en | fr | tr | zh-cn. mod_rewrite provides a way to modify incoming URL requests, dynamically, based on regular expression rules. This allows you to map arbitrary URLs onto your internal URL structure in any way you like.

What does RewriteBase mean?

RewriteBase directive

Explicitly sets the base URL for per-directory rewrites. … htaccess) it will automatically strip the local directory prefix from the path and apply rules only to the remainder. RewriteBase directive allows you to explicitly specify a base for the rules, i.e. the part that will be stripped.

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How do I write htaccess code?


  1. Create a plain text . htaccess file (click the link for details on this type of file), or add the lines from the example to the top of your existing . …
  2. Add the lines from the appropriate example to your file. …
  3. Use or to upload the file to the document root of the appropriate domain.

What is the meaning of htaccess?

Htaccess is short for Hypertext Access. It is a configuration file used by apache-based web servers. Configuration files configure the initial settings of a program, or in this case the server. This means that the . htaccess file can be used to make the server behave in a certain way.

What is try_files in NGINX?

The try_file directive is in the server and location blocks and specifies the files and directories in which Nginx should check for files if the request to the specified location is received. A typical try_files directive syntax is as: location / { try_files $uri $uri/ /default/index.html; }

What is uri in NGINX?

The try_files directive commonly uses the $uri variable, which represents the part of the URL after the domain name. In the following example, NGINX serves a default GIF file if the file requested by the client doesn’t exist.

What is $host in NGINX?

$host is a variable of the Core module. $host. This variable is equal to line Host in the header of request or name of the server processing the request if the Host header is not available.

What is RewriteCond and RewriteRule?

There are two main directive of this module: RewriteCond & RewriteRule . RewriteRule is used to rewrite the url as the name signifies if all the conditions defined in RewriteCond are matching. One or more RewriteCond can precede a RewriteRule directive.

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What does Mod rewrite do?

The mod_rewrite module uses a rule-based rewriting engine, based on a PCRE regular-expression parser, to rewrite requested URLs on the fly. By default, mod_rewrite maps a URL to a filesystem path. However, it can also be used to redirect one URL to another URL, or to invoke an internal proxy fetch.

What is Apache rules?

Each rule can have an unlimited number of attached rule conditions, to allow you to rewrite URL based on server variables, environment variables, HTTP headers, or time stamps. mod_rewrite operates on the full URL path, including the path-info section. A rewrite rule can be invoked in httpd. conf or in .

What does IfModule mod_rewrite C mean?

The <IfModule mod_rewrite. c> and </IfModule> lines work as a pair and prevent errors if your server does not have the mod_rewrite. … This line tells the server to process all following lines beginning with Rewrite* up to the next RewriteEngine line as one logical group.

What is Request_uri in Apache?

*) matches everything in the {REQUEST_URI} string. {REQUEST_URI} is that part of the URI which follows the domain up to but not including the ? character of a query string, and is the only Apache variable that a rewrite rule attempts to match. … To begin with, we can add the start and end anchor characters.

How do I enable mod rewrite?

Here are the steps enable mod_rewrite in XAMPP, WAMP.

  1. Open httpd. conf. Open the Apache configuration file httpd. …
  2. Enable mod_rewrite. Look for the following line #LoadModule rewrite_module modules/ Uncomment it by removing # at its beginning. …
  3. Restart XAMPP,WAMP. Restart XAMPP/WAMP server to apply changes.
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