What is the difference between the host ID and network ID sections of the IP address?

What is host and network in IP address?

IP addresses: Networks and hosts. An IP address is a 32-bit number. It uniquely identifies a host (computer or other device, such as a printer or router) on a TCP/IP network. IP addresses are normally expressed in dotted-decimal format, with four numbers separated by periods, such as 192.168. 123.132.

What do the different parts of an IP address mean?

An IP address consists of two parts, one identifying the network and one identifying the node, or host. The Class of the address determines which part belongs to the network address and which part belongs to the node address. All nodes on a given network share the same network prefix but must have a unique host number.

How do you differentiate between host and network?

The Network address identifies the specific network to which host is attached, and Host address uniquely identifies a host within a network. The distinction is important because router routes the packet according to a network address and don’t care about host address.

What is the difference between network address and network ID?

An IP address consists of two components: a network ID and a host ID. The network ID identifies the network segment to which the host belongs. The host ID identifies an individual host on some specific network segment. A host can communicate directly only with other hosts on the same network segment.

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How do I find my network ID and host ID?

You find the host ID by logically NANDing the binary form of the IP address with the binary form of the subnet mask for the network. The other part of an IP address is the network ID, which specifies the network to which the host belongs. For example, if a host has an IP address of 172.16.

What is network host address?

H. The physical address of a computer in a network. On the Internet, a host address is the IP address of the machine. See IP address and hostname.

What is a network ID number?

A network ID, in the world of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol or TCP/IP, is the portion of the TCP/IP address which identifies the network for a given host, usually composed of three octets with dotted decimal representation. … A network ID is also known as network identification or NetID.

How do I find the hostname of an IP address?

Querying DNS

  1. Click the Windows Start button, then “All Programs” and “Accessories.” Right-click on “Command Prompt” and choose “Run as Administrator.”
  2. Type “nslookup %ipaddress%” in the black box that appears on the screen, substituting %ipaddress% with the IP address for which you want to find the hostname.

How do I find out my host ID?

Obtaining the HostID on Windows

  1. First open the command window: Press keyboard shortcut Window button+R, (or, if you have no window button: Put the insertion point in the search field.). …
  2. Type in ipconfig /all at the command prompt and press Return.
  3. The FlexNet HostID is the same as the “Physical Address”.
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